International Workshop “The Holocaust in the Borderlands: Interethnic Relations and the Dynamics of Violence in Occupied Eastern Europe”

Na međunarodnom skupu koji će se od 7. do 9. veljače 2018. održati u Münchenu, o fašizmu i holokaustu u NDH 1941-1945. izlagat će povjesničar Goran Miljan (Uppsala).





International Workshop


The Holocaust in the Borderlands: Interethnic Relations and the Dynamics of Violence in Occupied Eastern Europe



Munich, 7-9 February 2018



Conference Program



Wednesday, 7 February 2018


17.00-18.00: Registration (Senatssaal LMU)


18.00-20.30: Opening Lecture (Senatssaal LMU) followed by wine reception


Doris Bergen (Chancellor Rose and Ray Wolfe Professor of Holocaust Studies, University of Toronto): Saving Christianity, Killing Jews: German Religious Campaigns and the Holocaust in the Borderlands


Greetings, introduction and moderation: Frank Bajohr (Munich), Gaëlle Fisher (Munich), Caroline Mezger (Munich) and Kim Wünschmann (Munich).



Thursday, 8 February 2018


9.00-9.30: Welcome & Introduction


• Gaëlle Fisher and Caroline Mezger: The Holocaust in the Borderlands: Introductory Remarks



9.30 – 10.00: I – Contexts of Social Division in Multiethnic Societies


Chair: Kim Wünschmann (Munich)


How did pre-existing social divisions in multiethnic societies influence later dynamics of violence under occupation?


• Grzegorz Krzywiec (Warsaw): ‘Borderlands’ (Kresy) as a Laboratory for Space without the Others? Eastern Europe, Multi-Ethnic Realm and ‘National Revolution’ from below and above at the Eve of WWII. The Case Study of Lubelszczyzna


• Anca Filipovici (Cluj-Napoca): Interethnic Clashes among Students at the University of Chernovtsy (1930-1940). Daily Life, Propaganda and the Rise of Anti-Semitism in the Multiethnic Borderland of Bukovina


• Leon Saltiel (Thessaloniki): The Legacy of the Millet as a Factor in the “Silence” of the Thessaloniki Christian Elites during the Holocaust



11:00-11.30: Coffee break



11.30 – 13.00: II – National Agendas and Regimes of Occupation


Chair: Caroline Mezger (Munich)


How did the different national and imperial agendas of the Axis powers manifest themselves in regimes of occupation? How did these interact and how do they compare?


• Tommaso Dell’Era (Viterbo): Italian Imperialism, Albanian Nationalism and the Holocaust during the Occupation Period (1939-1943)


• Mirna Zakić (Athens, Ohio): ‘The soil which drank German blood will become our living space’: Ethnic Germans, Jews, and Serbs in the Occupied Banat


• Mariana Hausleitner (Berlin): The Germans in the Bukovina and the Romanian Banat after 1935



13.00-14.30: Lunch break



14.30-16.00: III – Engineering Social Differences: Ideology and Radicalization
Chair: Kerstin Schwenke (Munich)


How do regimes of occupation reorient or exacerbate social divisions in multiethnic societies? What are the relationships between ideology, radicalization, and practices of occupation?


• Winson Chu (Milwaukee, Wisconsin): “… Reich Germans believe in the German Reich, the Volk Germans believe in the German Volk”: Violence and Intraethnic Hierarchies in the Kriminalpolizei in Lodz/Litzmannstadt


• Goran Miljan (Uppsala): The ‘Ideal Nation-State’ for the ‘Ideal New Croat’ – Fascism and the Holocaust in the Independent State of Croatia, 1941-1945


• Rachel O’Sullivan (Edinburgh): The Ethnic Germans and Nazi “Colonial” Expansion in Poland



16.00-16.30: Coffee break



16.30-18.30: IV – Dynamics of Violence and Mobilization


Chair: Christian Schmittwilken (Munich)


Why or why not do people engage in violence? How are societies mobilized?


• Jason Tingler (Worchester, Massachusetts): Mosaic of Destruction. The Holocaust and Mass Violence in Chełm, 1939-1944


• Nevena Dakovic (Belgrade): Ujvidek Raid: Holocaust and Interethnic Violence


• Kateryna Budz (Kyiv): The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church and the Holocaust in Galicia (1941-1944)


• Linda Margittai (Szeged): Hungarian-Occupied Vojvodina: The Anatomy of “Bystander” Behaviors in a Multi-Ethnic Society



Friday, 9 February 2018


9.30-11.00: V – Local Practices and Perceptions of Anti-Jewish Persecution


Chair: Gaëlle Fisher (Munich)


What were the practices and perceptions of anti-Jewish persecution in specific localities, and how can we study them?


• Dalia Ofer & Sarah Rosen (Jerusalem): Northern Transnistria: Ukrainians, Jews, Romanians and Nazi Occupiers as Reflected in the Diary of Lipman Kunstadt


• Svetlana Suveica (Regensburg): Dealing with Jewish Property in the Borderlands. Local Public Institutions in Bessarabia during the Holocaust


• Anna Wylegała (Warsaw): Listening to the Contradicting Voices: Jewish, Polish and Ukrainian Narratives on the Holocaust and Plunder of the Jewish Property in Galicia



11.30-13.00: VI – Reckoning with the Holocaust in the Immediate Postwar Period


Chair: Andrea Löw (Munich)


How did different groups and postwar societies confront the legacies of the Holocaust in the immediate postwar period? How much visibility did different groups have and what was their narrative?


• Volha Bartash (Vienna): “The war ended in 1950”: German Occupation and Interethnic Relations in the Belarusian-Lithuanian Border Region through the Eyes of the Local Roma Community


• Franziska Exeler (Berlin/Cambridge): Personal Responses to the Aftermath of Nazi Occupation in Post-1944 Soviet Belorussia


• Olha Kolesnyk (Warsaw): Jewish Perception of Soviet Occupation in Lviv in 1939-1941 (Based on Ego-Documents)



13.00-14.30: Lunch break



14.30-15.45: VII – Conveying Catastrophe in Language and Art


Chair: Anna Ullrich (Munich)


How did people communicate about violence in the postwar period, and to which effect?


• Miriam Schulz (New York): Of Ablaves, Uksinikes, and Negers. The Yiddish Language as a Mirror Image of Interethnic Relations and Violence in the Borderlands


• Irina Rebrova (Berlin): „German monsters escaped, but there is the entire Hitler system on the dock“: Literary Representation of the Soviet Trials against Nazi Perpetrators in the (Post)War Society (the North Caucasian Case)



15.45-16.15: Coffee break



16.15-17.00: Closing Discussion


Moderation: Gaëlle Fisher and Caroline Mezger